The tradition of celebration of the World Red Cross Day on May 8th was this year observed by paying tribute to the volunteers for their unprecedented contribution to the people in need. This date is the anniversary of the birth of Henry Dunant, who was born on 8 May 1828. He was the founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the recipient of the first Nobel Peace Prize.
History of World Red Cross Day
After World War I, Red Cross was introduced as a contribution to peace by an international commission at the 14th International Conference of the Red Cross. In 1934, the principles of the Red Cross Truce were presented at the 15th International Conference. It was approved at the same conference that was held in Tokyo.
The possibility of an annual celebration was asked to the League of the Red Cross Societies by the International of the Red Cross Societies (IFRC) General Assembly. Two years later the proposal of celebrating World Red Cross Day annually was adopted on May 8, 1948. In 1984, officially, it was named as World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day.
The Red Cross Society is based on 7 principles namely, humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary, unity and universality.
Seven Principles of Red Cross Society:
1. Humanity:-The main purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation amongst all peoples
2. Impartiality: It makes no discrimination on the basis of nationality, race, religious beliefs, class, or political opinions. The main motive is to help individuals solely on the basis of their needs and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress.